Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Building A Raised Garden With Water Troughs

Water troughs make great raised beds!

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Raised Garden Boxes
One of our most popular posts was How to Build a Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Box, that I posted in 2010. This post showed how to make garden boxes out of redwood. Nine years later, these boxes are still standing. I have to restain the wood every few years, but they are holding up pretty well. 
Building a raised garden box from redwood.

But when we decided to replace a thousand square feet of back lawn with more garden boxes, we wanted to do something that was easier. We had seen lots of those bright silver water troughs used as planters and thought that we could make them look a lot better with some paint. So here's what we did.

We purchased 7 water troughs that are 3' x 6'. Since they nest them when stored, they aren't all the same size. Keep that in mind when picking them out.

Step 1 - wash them well, inside and out, with soap and water. The inside because you will be growing your food in them and the outside to get the paint to adhere to them.

Step 2 - paint the troughs. We used Hammered Copper by Rust-Oleum. We brushed and rolled it on rather than buying the spray cans. It took two coats and around 3/4 of a can per trough. We didn't paint the lip to avoid painting inside the growing area.
Rust-Oleum Hammered Copper.

Step 3 - drill holes in the bottom of the trough. We used a drill bit that was less than 1/4" and we drilled a hole every 6 to 9 inches. Vacuum up the shavings. 

Step 4 - turn them over and cover the bottom of the trough with weed cloth to prevent the dirt from pouring out of the holes.

Step 5 - insert irrigation tubing. There is a hole at the bottom of the trough that you can use to slide the irrigation tubing through. Use whatever irrigation system you like - just set it up before you add the dirt.

Step 6 - add the dirt. It takes about a yard of compost per 3' x 6' trough. To that we mix in earthworm castings, Biochar, glacial rock dust, and mycorrhizae. We usually mix in some native dirt, but for these, we used all compost. See my husband's Magic Dirt Formula.

Step 7 - finish your irrigation and plant your veggies!

To prevent weeds, we also placed weed cloth over then entire garden area. We then covered it with about 6 1/2 tons of gravel.

I also place a few ceramic pots filled with herbs and flowers around the garden area to give it some color.
Pots with rosemary, lemon thyme
and geraniums.

Growing your own food is great! I take a basket out every morning and "shop" in my garden for our daily meals. If you have any room at all in your yard - even your front yard, put in some raised beds and start growing your food. Grass is a waste of water. We've ripped every inch of lawn out from our front and back yards which are now all covered in fruit trees and vegetable gardens. We also have a few acres of Pinot Noir plants which yielded 7 tons of grapes last year. I grew up in a small apartment in New York City and always had a dream of living in the country and farming. My dream became a reality 11 years ago when we moved to Sebastopol and turned 3 acres of dirt into our farm!

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Grow Carrots Easily With Carrot Tape

Carrot tape makes it so much easier to plant those tiny seeds.

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Those Tiny Tiny Seeds!
Carrot seeds are so tiny. When I try planting an entire row of them, they almost always get washed away with the first watering. After a few bad carrot experiences, I finally gave up. But this year, I discovered carrot tape and it's working like a charm.

The tape holds the tiny seeds and you just plant a row of tape, 1/4" down, in rows a foot apart. Now I will say that they put too many seeds on the tape which makes them hard to thin, so I took a tweezer and carefully removed some of the seeds before planting. Every seed came up!

Gurney's offers 8 types of carrot tapes.
Plant the tape 1/4" down in the soil.
Water them well and thin if necessary after they sprout.

This is Gurney's  Envy Hybrid Carrot, 10" to 12" long

Some of the seeds come in a 12"x12" seed mat but I haven't tried that one yet.

This is the seed map for Gurney's Yaya hybrid carrot.

Wednesday, May 08, 2019

A Great Alternative To Single Use Plastic Bags
Extend The Life Of Your Produce

These mesh bags are a great substitute for plastic bags!

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With Earth Day behind us, we've been reminded by countless media sources of the many ways we are hurting our planet. And despite knowing how the millions of tons of plastic are in our rivers, oceans, well - just everywhere, it's still often a necessary evil when we are in the grocery store with a fist full of green beans, to grab one of those little plastic bags that conveniently hang on a roll in the produce section.

I am a sucker for Instagram ads. Recently I saw a little video about these mesh bags that you could use to hold your produce instead of using single-use plastic bags. I immediately purchased a set and had to spread the word about this product. 

Although I'm sure if you look around, there are a number of similar products, but this one is a good one. It comes in a set of 12 bags in three different sizes.

BB Brotrade MPB12 Reusable mesh bags.

The set contains 3 large (17" x 12"), 6 medium (14" x 12") and 3 small (8" x 12") reusable produce bags. It's a nice selection of sizes able to fit large heads of lettuce down to a few bell peppers. 

The large size easily fits a big head of lettuce.

Besides being good to the planet, these bags keep the produce fresher, especially when storing vegetables that release moisture and get soggy and moldy in a plastic bag, like zucchini. The mesh allows the veggies to breathe and they seem to stay fresh longer. I especially love the way they store mushrooms!

Tips on Using 
* Wash the bags before using them. They have somewhat of a chemical odor that completely washes away after one good washing.

* Always keep them in your reusable grocery bags in the trunk of your car so you never forget bringing them to the store.

* They don't need to be washed after every use but after a few uses, it's a good idea to throw them back in the washer.

* Although they come in smaller quantities, I find that I easily use all 12 since I use them to store the vegetables in the refrigerator until they are used up. 

* The have weight to them so in order not to get charged for it, tell the checkout clerk to delete the TARE weight which is listed on each bag. I've never had a checkout clerk mind doing this or not understand what I meant.

The TARE weight is listed on each bag.

 The name of the bags is BB Brotrade MPB12 Reusable Mesh Produce Bags Premium (Set of 12 PCS).

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Alternative Approaches For Treating Anxiety
Takeaways From The 2019 Integrative Mental Health Conference

2019 Integrative Mental Health Conferennce - San Francisco

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Treating Anxiety
40 million American adults suffer from anxiety disorders and many are taking a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines which include Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, and Ativan. These drugs are addictive and dangerous. There is a risk of respiratory depression that can cause overdose, especially when taken with opioids or alcohol. Discontinuing their use can cause severe withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures. Their usage can also lead to falls and cognitive decline. Most importantly, these drugs do not work in the long term. Studies have shown that after just 8 weeks, those on Xanax had worse anxiety than those who took a placebo. (Occasionally benzodiazepines are prescribed to treat depression, however research has shown that people with a predisposition to depression are likely to have increased levels of depression after using benzodiazepines.)

Besides benzodiazepines, certain SSRI anti-depressants such as Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, Lexapro, and others are used to treat anxiety but provide little benefit in relieving anxiety symptoms and come with their own side effects such as headache, nausea, agitation, weight gain and sexual problems. 

The poor efficacy and terrible side effects of these commonly prescribed drugs have not gone unnoticed by the medical professionals themselves. I attended the 2019 Integrative Mental Health Conference in San Francisco last week. There I sat with 900 frustrated psychiatrists and other mental health workers, all of whom feel that conventional medicine has let them and their patients down. This conference focused mainly on alternative methods on dealing with things such as anxiety, depression, epilepsy, Alzheimer's and more. Today I will share what I learned about anxiety. More to come on the others in future blog posts.

What is Anxiety?
Anxiety disorders are characterized by fear, excessive nervousness, apprehension, and worry that is out of proportion to the actual danger. OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder), PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), panic disorder, and phobias are examples of anxiety disorders. Symptoms include:
* Nervousness
* Tension
* Panic
* A sense of doom
* Increased heart rate
* Fatique
* Sweating
* Trouble concentrating 

Victoria Maizes
Dr. Maizes is a Professor of Medicine, Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine. Here are some things she said about anxiety.

Many anxiety symptoms actually can be a result of something else and must first be ruled out. For example, anxiety can actually be hypo-thyroid or hyperthyroidism. Or various heart ailments such as congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These symptoms can also be a result from lead toxicity or pesticide exposure, or even vitamin B12 deficiency. 

Unexpected side effects from many medications also can cause anxiety symptoms like beta agonists, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones, oral contraceptives, ADHD drugs, or OTC medications that contain lots of caffeine. 

Many beverages like coffee, tea, soda, energy drinks, and other highly caffeinated drinks can cause symptoms that also mimic anxiety.

So it's important the these other things are ruled out before getting treated for anxiety. Unfortunately, many doctors will just quickly write out a prescription for their favorite benzodiazepine before ruling out the plethora of things that can cause similar symptoms.

What to do Besides Take Drugs?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
People with anxiety tend to castrostrophize negative events and have a low tolerance for uncertainty. With CBT, a person is taught to use skills that encourage evidence-based thinking. For example, ask yourself, "how likely is the thing that I am worried about will actually happen?" For example, I have great anxiety about driving. I've been in 4 car accidents, even though I wasn't even driving in any of them. I visualize cars coming at me and hear crashing sounds. But I should ask myself how likely is it that this is really going to happen each time I get into a car? 

Lin-Manuel Miranda had wonderful advice when he said: 
"Your mind is yours alone. Do what it takes to make yourself comfy.
Draw the blinds, kick out unwelcome guests. Make it your home."

Physical Activity
One of the best ways to deal with anxiety is through exercise as it increases the availability of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine. Exercise also positively effects the body's main central stress response system called the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA.) 
Studies have shown reduction of stress from:
* Aerobic exercise (Zumba is my favorite)
* Yoga
* Tai Chi

Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing)
Walking in nature is a proven way to reduce anxiety. Walking in nature reduces cortisol levels and lowers heart rate. What is remarkable is that as little as 5 minutes a day effectively reduces anxiety! 
Getting in touch with nature, in any way, is soothing. My daughter-in-law, Karina Aldredge, created the popular Instagram, Sacredelements which, through pictures and videos, reminds her 87,000+ followers to connect daily with the beauty that surrounds them.

Meditation can help reduce anxiety. Basically, it is just paying attention, non-judgmentally, to the present moment. There are many types of meditations including Guided Imagery. There are many free guided imagery meditations available on the web and countless books, utube videos, DVDs and other sources of information on various meditative practices. You need to find one that works well for you.
     Zen Proverb
     "You should sit in meditation for 20 minutes every day 
     - unless you are too busy; then you should sit for an hour."

Relaxing Breath
Everyone should do this!! It's a simple breathing exercise that Dr. Weil taught me years ago and it's very effective for anxiety. This exercise tones your parasympathetic nervous system (which can slow your heart rate and lower your blood pressure after the sympathetic nervous system has activated the fight or flight response.)
This only takes 45 seconds and should be done twice a day.     
  * Place the tip of your tongue against the ridge on the roof of your mouth
  * Exhale completely through your mouth
  1. Inhale deeply through your nose to a count of 4
  2. Hold your breath for a count of 7
  3. Exhale through your mouth to a count of 8
  4. Repeat 1, 2, 3, for a total of 4 breaths

Although Dr. Maizes didn't spend a lot of time on diet, here are some recommendations from her as well as other sources like the Mayo Clinic.
* It's important to keep your blood sugar stable so make sure your meals, especially breakfast, contain some protein.
* Eat complex carbohydrates like oatmeal, quinoa, whole-grain breads and cereals. Carbohydrates increase the amount of serotonin in your brain which can calm you. But stay away from simple carbs like sugary foods and drinks.
* Stay hydrated and drink lots of water. Dehydration can affect your mood.
* Limit alcohol. Although it can have an immediate calming effect, it can later make you edgy and interfere with your sleep.
* Limit or avoid caffeine. It can make you jittery and nervous and interfere with sleep.
* Check for food sensitivities. Certain foods or food additives can cause irritability or anxiety.
* Eat healthy, balanced meals that include fresh fruits, vegetables, high omega-3 foods such as salmon, and fermented foods for a healthy microbiome.

Sleep is critical to our mental health. Dr. Maizes says, "No one can GO to sleep. One must LET GO to sleep." 
Of course she recommended the usual suspects: 
* Limit caffeine
* Reduce light exposure

Supplements and Herbs
Certain supplements show promise in helping anxiety, especially high dose vitamin B. Whereas omega-3 and inositol also show promise, the dosages in the study seem prohibitive to me. 

Kava Kava studies showed supplements of this herb helped with anxiety associated with menopause and with benzodiazepine withdrawal. It is available in tea for but do not pour water over the tea bag as it will deactivate the kava kava. 

Chamomile is another herb that can be enjoyed as a tea or capsule that helps with mild to moderate anxiety.

Vaporized lavender when used in aromatherapy generates the terpene linalool which can trigger a relaxing effect by directly stimulating olfactory sensory neurons.

Adaptogens are herbs used to help the body adapt to stress and make it more resilient. There were several mentioned that helped reduce anxiety:
* Rhodiola is widely used to alleviate anxiety, depression, and insomnia. 
* Ashwaganda
* Holy Basil
* Asian and American Ginseng
* Siberian Ginseng

I am a big fan of acupuncture but it's important to find a skilled practitioner. Studies have shown acupuncture can have a substantial positive effect in reducing anxiety.

Monday, April 01, 2019

Another Wonderful Non-Dairy Milk Alternative
Unsweetened Ripple
Ripple Chia Pudding and Ripple Smoothie Recipes

Creamy, delicious, vegan and high in protein.

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Doug and I haven't had dairy milk in over 25 years. And in the past 25 years we've tried every non-dairy milk on the market - Rice milk, soy milk, almond milk, cashew milk, oat milk, hemp milk, coconut milk and probably a few more I can't recall. 

I must admit, I love soy milk. I even have a soy milk maker and used to make my own from organic soy beans. And I adored the soy yogurt I was able to make in my Instant Pot. But then I found that my thyroid was a bit sluggish and my naturopath told me to avoid soy since it's a goitrogen and can interfere with the absorption of thyroid hormone.

Other favorites were hemp milk, due to its omega-3 content, and almond milk, because of its taste and low calorie content. I also like to make my own almond milk, which is quite easy. 

Recently my friends Marcia and Bob introduced me to Ripple. I laughed when I heard the name because in the late 1960's, when I was in college, Ripple was a cheap, fortified wine that was very popular. I once had a Ripple party and we managed to line the entire perimeter of my small studio apartment with empty Ripple bottles - I don't remember much else about the party so I probably had my share.

Cheap Ripple wine, circa 1960-1970

Ripple Non-Dairy Milk
Ripple is made from peas. For me, it seems like it's the non-dairy milk most similar to the consistency and richness of soy milk. It's vegan, lactose free, nut free, soy free, and gluten free. Although it's not certified organic, it is GMO free. 

Here's what I love about it:
* It's creamy and delicious, not watery like some non-dairy milks
* It's dairy and lactose free
* It doesn't contain nuts, soy or gluten. Nuts aren't a problem for me but they are for several of my friends and now I don't have to worry about using this in a recipe
* It contains 8 g of plant protein per serving
* It even has 32mg of DHA omega 3
* The unsweetened has 0 sugar and 0 carbs
* It uses 98.5% less water than dairy milk and 96% less water than almond milk during manufacturing.

What I don't love about it:
* Although it's non-GMO, I wish it were organic. There's a big writeup in their FAQs that explains their reasoning.
* I don't love that it contains omega-6 rich sunflower oil as I try to avoid these inflammatory oils.
* Although some people like their non-dairy milk to have added calcium, I don't. A cup of Ripple contains 450mg of calcium per cup and no magnesium. This is an issue for me for three reasons: First, that's a LOT of calcium - I think people take too much of it. Second, calcium should be balanced 2:1 with magnesium and this is not. Third, if you are taking thyroid medication, you cannot take a calcium supplement for at least 4 hours. Since most people take their thyroid meds first thing in the morning, they will not be able to use Ripple or any other beverage that is heavily fortified with calcium in their morning smoothie or coffee. This is a bummer for me. 

All this said, I love this stuff. It makes an amazing smoothie (which I have in the afternoon) and a very creamy chia pudding.

Strawberry Banana Oatmeal Smoothie with Ripple
Vegan, Dairy and Gluten Free
[Makes 2 Servings]
Requires a high speed blender

1 1/2 cups cold Ripple unsweetened non-dairy milk
1 frozen banana
1/3 cup uncooked rolled oats
1 cup sliced strawberries
1 packet stevia

Place all the ingredients in a high speed blender and process until smooth. Serve immediately. 

Creamy strawberry banana oatmeal smoothie 
 *                    *                           *                        *

Chia Pudding with Ripple
Vegan, Dairy and Gluten Free
[Makes Six (1/2-Cup) Servings]
Requires a high speed blender and a 1-quart container

Allow 1 1/2 days for soaking and thickening

3 Medjool dates, pits removed
2 cups unsweetened Ripple non-dairy milk
1/4 teaspoon cinnamon or to taste
1 teaspoon vanilla or to taste
1 or 2 packets stevia
1/4 cup raw chia seeds

Coarsely chop the dates and soak in the milk for 2 hours.

Place the soaked dates, milk, cinnamon, vanilla and stevia in the blender. Blend until smooth.

Pour the blended liquid in a 1-quart container. Stir in the chia seeds. Stir vigorously for 1 minute. Let the mixture sit for another 15 minutes and stir again vigorously until the chia seeds are well blended and separated. You may need to do this again a few times as the chia seeds have a tendency to clump.

Cover the container and place in the refrigerator for at least 24 hours to allow the chia seeds to absorb the liquid. 

Serve alone or with fresh fruit. I love it with fresh strawberries or mango.

Delicious chia seed pudding with strawberries

Ripple comes in other flavors: Original, Vanilla, Unsweetened Vanilla, and Chocolate.
You can make the smoothie or the chia pudding using any of these flavors.

Monday, March 25, 2019

Beautiful, Exotic Romanesco
Easy To Roast

Romanesco is almost too beautiful to eat.

I Instagrammed this picture last week and several of my east coast relatives asked, "what the heck is that?" So I guess these gorgeous veggies aren't too common. Luckily, they are readily available in our local markets here in Sonoma county. Although people compare them mostly to cauliflower, their taste is far more delicate.

For some reason, I've recently become obsessed with this tasty vegetable and have been preparing them at least twice a week for the past month - always roasting them with a drizzle of olive oil and a sprinkling of spices. So simple, yet incredibly flavorful with just the right amount of crunch.

Here's how I prepare them (and although I say 4 servings, Doug and I polish off the entire head by ourselves.)

                *                       *                         *                       *

Roasted Romanesco
Vegan, Dairy and Gluten Free
[4 servings]

Shallow baking pan with parchment (parchment is optional and just helps with cleanup.)

1 head Romanesco
1 1/2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
Salt, pepper and garlic powder to taste
Wedge of lemon (optional)

Heat the oven to 400 degrees F. Line a shallow baking pan with parchment.

Break up the Romanesco into small pieces. Cut the larger pieces in half.
Place on the pan and drizzle with olive oil. Toss until the pieces are coated evenly with the oil. Then, sprinkle salt, pepper, and garlic powder to taste.
Roast in the oven for 30 to 35 minutes until browned and easily pierced with a fork. Stir midway through cooking.

Remove from the oven and squeeze the wedge of lemon over the roasted Romanesco and serve immediately.